Contributor: Maroof Ahmed | Editor: Dadi Darmadi
On June 27, 2023, the Faculty of Education (FoE) at Universitas Islam Internasional Indonesia (UIII) hosted a LUNCHTALK where Dr. Sri Widyastri, a scholar in residence at UIII from the Institute of Al-Quran Science in Jakarta, shed light on the transmission of Al-Qur'an in Islamic education.
Dr. Widyastri began by referencing R.G.A Dolby's work on the transmission of knowledge. Dolby, in his studies, observed the rapid development and transmission of experimental psychology and physical chemistry during the 19th century, especially in Germany. He noted that North America adopted these sciences faster than France and England. Dolby's observations highlighted that the method of transmission, whether peaceful or coercive, significantly impacts the speed of acculturation.
Transmission in education is not only about passing down knowledge but also about preserving the essence of a culture. Dr. Widyastri emphasized the importance of enculturation, which is the process of passing down cultural values and traditions from one generation to the next, both formally and informally.
Acculturation, on the other hand, is the blending of two cultures. The speed of this blending depends on the local community's perception of the incoming culture. If introduced coercively, acculturation takes longer, but if introduced peacefully, it happens relatively quickly. Furthermore, acculturation does not just affect culture, it also impacts an individual's psychology.
A significant portion of Dr. Widyastri's talk was dedicated to the Sanad system, a unique method of transmitting knowledge in Islamic education. This system is not just limited to the transmission of hadith but extends to other forms of knowledge, including the Al-Qur’an, scientific books, and poetry.
She highlighted a case study of Mahad Imam Al-Bukhariy Wahdah Islamiyah in Makassar, which has successfully implemented the Sanad system. The success of this system in Makassar is attributed to Saudi Arabian alumni who, upon returning, preached the salafi moderate, attracting many students to this method.
The transmission of knowledge, especially in the context of Islamic education, is a delicate balance of preserving tradition while adapting to modern methods. Dr. Widyastri's insights into the Sanad system offer a glimpse into the rich tapestry of Islamic educational traditions that prioritize lineage and authenticity.
In today's rapidly changing world, where information is readily available at our fingertips, it is essential to remember the value of traditional systems like Sanad. They not only ensure the authenticity of the knowledge being passed down but also foster a deep sense of connection to one's roots and heritage.
Dr. Sri Widyastri's LUNCHTALK was a profound reminder of the importance of preserving and transmitting knowledge in its purest form, ensuring that future generations can benefit from the wisdom of the past.